Chapter 5 – Equal Opportunity: Budget 2017's Gender Statement - Text Version

Chart 5.1 - Share of Canadians Aged 25 to 64 With a Post-Secondary Certificate or Degree

Chart 5.1
Share of Canadians Aged 25 to 64 With a Post-Secondary Certificate or Degree
per cent
Men Women
1976 31.5 30.2
1977 31.4 30.4
1978 31.7 30.1
1979 31.5 30.6
1980 32.7 31.1
1981 34.2 31.9
1982 35.7 33.3
1983 37.0 35.4
1984 37.5 36.4
1985 38.7 37.4
1986 40.0 38.4
1987 41.3 39.9
1988 43.5 42.7
1989 44.1 43.1
1990 44.5 43.9
1991 45.0 44.6
1992 46.1 46.1
1993 47.9 48.0
1994 50.2 51.1
1995 51.5 52.4
1996 51.9 53.5
1997 54.3 55.5
1998 55.2 56.2
1999 55.7 57.1
2000 55.9 57.5
2001 57.4 59.4
2002 57.7 60.1
2003 58.9 60.8
2004 59.1 61.9
2005 60.2 63.8
2006 61.1 64.5
2007 61.9 65.7
2008 62.2 66.4
2009 62.8 67.1
2010 63.6 68.3
2011 63.9 69.5
2012 64.4 70.7
2013 64.8 71.1
2014 65.4 71.7
2015 66.7 73.3
2016 67.3 74.4
Sources: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey; Department of Finance Canada calculations.

Return to Chapter 5 - Chart 5.1

Chart 5.2 - Real Median Wage Income of Canadians

Chart 5.2
Real Median Wage Income of Canadians
$2016
Year Median wage income Median wage income of men Median wage income of women
1976 49,582 57,828 35,875
1977 49,154 57,186 35,125
1978 49,582 56,971 35,125
1979 47,869 55,901 35,018
1980 49,368 57,079 35,768
1981 47,762 55,472 35,339
1982 46,798 55,258 35,125
1983 46,905 55,258 36,517
1984 46,584 55,044 35,982
1985 45,941 55,044 35,447
1986 46,905 54,830 36,625
1987 46,905 56,008 37,160
1988 47,012 55,901 36,089
1989 46,370 54,937 36,089
1990 46,691 54,937 37,695
1991 46,477 54,294 38,017
1992 47,655 55,044 39,516
1993 47,119 53,973 38,980
1994 47,976 55,365 39,516
1995 46,905 53,973 39,623
1996 46,263 53,438 39,302
1997 46,905 54,187 39,730
1998 48,297 55,151 40,908
1999 47,762 55,258 39,088
2000 47,655 55,044 39,516
2001 47,548 55,044 40,051
2002 48,190 55,044 40,480
2003 47,869 55,365 40,266
2004 48,511 55,472 40,801
2005 47,869 54,723 40,266
2006 49,047 55,686 41,979
2007 49,689 57,186 42,514
2008 50,653 57,079 43,371
2009 51,189 57,400 44,870
2010 51,082 58,149 45,085
2011 50,867 57,828 44,335
2012 50,663 57,329 42,971
2013 51,996 58,559 45,330
2014 51,688 58,354 44,509
2015 52,455 58,863 45,232
2016 53,145 59,084 45,628
Notes: Last data point is 2016. Figures are for full-year full-time workers (persons who usually worked 30 hours or more per week at their main job).
Sources: Statistics Canada; Department of Finance Canada calculations.

Return to Chapter 5 - Chart 5.2

Chart 5.3 - Gender Wage Gap, Select OECD Countries, 2013

Chart 5.3
Gender Wage Gap, Select OECD Countries, 2013*
per cent
per cent
Korea 36.6
Japan 26.6
Finland 20.2
Canada 19.3
Australia 18.0
United States 17.9
United Kingdom 17.5
Sweden 15.1
France 13.7
Germany 13.45
Italy 11.1
Spain 8.6
Norway 7.0
Denmark 6.8
* Or latest available year.
Source: OECD.

Return to Chapter 5 - Chart 5.3

Chart 5.4 - Share of Single Parents and Couples Receiving the Maximum Canada Child Benefit (2016–17 Benefit Year)

Chart 5.4
Share of Single Parents and Couples Receiving the Maximum Canada Child Benefit (2016–17 Benefit Year)
Single fathers Single mothers Couples Total
Number 48,200 508,000 298,700 854,900
Share 6% 59% 35% 100%
Sources: Department of Finance Canada calculations

Return to Chapter 5 - Chart 5.4

Chart 5.5 - Gender Distribution of Firm Ownership

Chart 5.5
Gender Distribution of Firm Ownership
per cent
Majority-owned by men 66.4
Majority-owned by women 15.5
Equally owned by women and men 18.1
Source: Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada.

Return to Chapter 5 - Chart 5.5

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